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【會議預告】人大國發院“理論與政策”研討會(第98-100期)
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人大國發院“理論與政策”研討會(第98-100期)

時間:2022年10月26日14:00-17:30

地點:騰訊會議(會議號:719-908-764)

【理論與政策研討會(第98期)】

題目:Transaction Mechanism and Industrial Land Allocation Efficiency: Evidence from the 2007 Auction Reform in China

摘要Land allocation has played an essential role in China’s industrial development. In the past, most industrial land was transacted through negotiations that usually lacked transparency and competition. Since 2007, the central government has required industrial land to be sold via public auction. This paper studies how the reform of the land transaction mechanism has affected land allocation efficiency by reshaping local industrial structures. It analyzes three comprehensive data sets, which contain information on new industrial establishments, land transactions, and local industrial outcomes. The analysis shows that the reform significantly increases the entry of firms in industries that better match a given locality’s specialization. This effect is more pronounced in areas that implemented the reform more stringently. These results suggest that the reform facilitates new industrial entrants to cluster spatially to obtain the benefits associated with agglomeration economies and leads to a more efficient geographic distribution of industries. The paper also finds evidence that sheds light on the underlying channel: in sharp contrast to negotiated sales, public auction brings in competition so that land sale prices have started to reflect market demand and this facilitates matching land to the users who can make the best use of it.

個人簡介王之,美國布朗大學經濟學博士,復旦大學經濟學院長聘副教授,上海國際金融與經濟研究院研究員,碩士研究生導師。她主要研究城市與區域經濟學領域相關問題,關注聚集經濟的微觀證據、城市土地開發空間模式的決定因素和福利影響、土地利用規制的執行和經濟影響、環境政策對企業產能空間分布的影響、教育資源空間分布的決定因素和影響、我國土地市場改革的經濟影響等問題,主持國家自科基金項目,擔任Regional Science and Urban Economics的副編輯。她的研究成果發表于Review of Economics and Statistics、Journal of Urban Economics、Journal of Environmental Economics and Management、Journal of Housing Economics、《經濟學報》以及《世界經濟文匯》。


【理論與政策研討會(第99期)】

題目:The Sunshine Effects on Solar Loan Repayments

摘要:Solar loans are increasingly used to promote residential solar photovoltaic expansion. However, concerns about their default rate are increasing. This paper studies the psychological effects of sunshine on borrowers’ repayment behaviors. Using administrative datasets from China, we first show borrowers are 20.8% less likely to be delinquent if the sunshine duration is one standard deviation longer in the week of the repayment deadline. Furthermore, borrowers who signed up for solar panels on extremely sunny days have a persistently higher probability of delinquency. We rule out rational explanations and show the result is most consistent with behavioral bias, such as projection bias or salience. Overall, our results provide novel insights into the mechanisms of sunshine effects in renewable energy financing.

簡介:秦雨,北大國發院訪問副教授,新加坡國立大學商學院房地產系長聘副教授,康奈爾大學應用經濟學博士,主要研究領域為環境經濟學、城市經濟學。擔任國際期刊China Economic Review共同主編;Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 副主編;Journal of Economic Geography編委會委員;研究發表在Nature Climate Change, Nature Human Behaviour, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Review of Finance, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management等雜志。


【理論與政策研討會(第100期)】

文章題目:流動的家庭:夫妻分離和母職懲罰

報告摘要:基于中國流動人口數據,本文從空間視角解釋母職懲罰。首先,基準結果顯示子女隨遷顯著降低母親的就業概率,減少其工作時間,并增加其通勤時長。利用戶籍制度構建斷點回歸設計克服內生性問題后,結論依然成立。然后,機制分析顯示子女隨遷會影響家庭的住房選擇,使母親在城市內進行工作地-居住地-學校的三重空間選擇,導致家庭內的性別收入差距顯著增加。具體而言,孩子能夠解釋家庭內性別收入差距的30.34%。最后,城市間的夫妻異地分居會顯著加劇母職懲罰。

報告人簡介:梁文泉,暨南大學經濟學院副教授。研究領域為城市勞動經濟學,主要關注戶籍、移民和城市發展。目前已經在Journal of Environmental Economics and Management、China Economic Review、Journal of Housing Economics等英文期刊以及《中國社會科學》、《經濟研究》、《管理世界》、《經濟學(季刊)》等中文期刊發表論文多篇。研究成果曾獲經濟學(季刊)年度最佳論文、第十四屆上海青年經濟學者優秀成果一等獎。

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